Ataxic Cerebral Palsy Treatment in India, Nepal, Bangladesh
Ataxic Cerebral Palsy
Define Ataxic Cerebral Palsy:
A child or person is diagnosed ataxic cerebral palsy when he/she has ataxic gait pattern. Which means, there is no coordination in walking and persons walks like a person with drunken gait?
Ataxic Cerebral Palsy Causes:
Ataxic cerebral palsy occurs by damage of / lesion of cerebellum, a part of brain which is responsible for maintaining balance and coordination in the body. This is least common type of cerebral palsy.
Signs and Symptoms of Ataxic Cerebral Palsy:
A person with ataxic cerebral palsy usually walks unsteadily. They have problems in fine motor activities like fastening buttons and shoelaces. Mostly they have normal intelligence and speech problem is also uncommon. But symptoms vary depending upon the extent of involvement of brain.
Diagnosis of Ataxic Cerebral Palsy:
Since the child starts walking after one year of age and other activities related to body coordination and balance becomes more profound later on it is difficult to diagnose before age 12 months. Usually diagnosis of ataxic cerebral palsy is done after 4 years of age.
Treatment Options for Ataxic Cerebral Palsy:
It is very difficult to treat. Physiotherapy is the mainstay treatment as or other types of cerebral palsies. In these children balancing & gait training helps to manage unsteady gait.
Ataxic cerebral palsy is a rare variety of cerebral palsy (5-10%). It occurs because of malformation or insult to the cerebellum. In 50% cases, it is an autosomal recessive trait and in others, it is acquired by meningitis & head injury. All the movements are affected by abnormal forces, lack of accuracy & rhythm. A tone in muscle are also very less in these children. Fine & gross motor activity both in upper & lower limbs is disturbed. Ataxia cerebral palsy affects muscle of leg, arm, hand, finger, eye, oral cavity. In this variety, body become very much unstable. Gait is unsteady, jerky & disorganized. Frequent fall is very common and sometimes by mistake, their gait pattern is perceived as they are under the influence of alcohol. Most of the time, they walk in broad gait. Persons in this problem feel very difficult to accomplish any task because of increasing unsteadiness & intention tremor in reaching to complete the task. They always feel difficulty in repetitive & quick movement in right direction. These children can also have a problem in writing, speech & deglutition. An individual can also have scanning speech which contains monotonous voice along with pause & acceleration while talking. Most of the time, accurate diagnosis is delayed until the age of 1.5 to 2 years. It is very difficult to treat this problem. CT Scan & MRI brain is required to look into brain insult. Some time genetic analysis is required to see inheritance. These children can be benefitted by using relaxation exercise, yoga, task-oriented exercise, strength training exercise, speech therapy, occupational therapy & brace. Medicine has a very limited role. Braces are helpful in ambulating these children. Occupational cerebral palsy therapy in required for achieving skills of activity of daily life. Yoga & relaxation exercises help in calming the child which helps in easing up task performance.
Click to know more about:
- Cerebral Palsy Definition
- Cerebral Palsy Types
- Cerebral Palsy Surgery
- Cerebral Palsy Diagnosis
- Cerebral Palsy Success Stories
- Pediatric Disabilities Treatment
Feel Free to make your query related to cerebral palsy, limb deformity, orthopedic and physical disability problems.