Cerebral Palsy Definition
Cerebral palsy can be defined as a group of permanent disorder of movement & posture due to non-progressive brain insult in developing foetus & infant brain. It primarily affects body movement, posture, balance, coordination of muscle & motor skill. The motor problem is often accompanied with a problem in sensation, perception, cognition, speech, hearing, vision, recurrent chest infection, oromotor dysfunction, epilepsy etc. According to cerebral palsy definition, It is a group of neuromotor disorder which affect person & their family for whole life. Motor disability comprises of difficulty in sitting, crawling, standing & walking along with a problem in balance. Most of the time etiology of brain insult is unknown. Although it occurs because of non-progressive brain damage but disability can progress, remain stable or regress based on the intervention and environmental factor. Children with cerebral palsy can present in a variety of manner in terms of severity, extent of involvement & type of movement disorder. According to movement disorder, they can present as the spastic or dyskinetic variety of cerebral palsy. Sometimes children can have mixed presentation. Dyskinetic commonly affects the whole body except in focal dystonia. Spastic variety can affect one limb (monoplegia), one side of the body (hemiplegic), both lower limb (diplegic), both lower limb & one upper limb (triplegic ), all four limb (quadriplegic).